ERIC Number: ED166086
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
The Educational System of Romania. Education around the World.
Braham, Randolph L.
An overview of the educational system of Romania is presented in this pamphlet. The system consists of preschool education in kindergartens; ten years of compulsory general education divided into three cycles (primary, gymnasium, and lyceum or vocational education); one to two years of post secondary specialized education; and higher education in universities, institutes, academies, and conservatories. A number of specialized institutions also provide instruction for adults, art students, the handicapped, and Party cadres. Tuition is free at all levels. Romanian is the language of instruction throughout the country, although the Constitution also provides for education in the languages of national minorities. Student achievement is evaluated on the basis of classroom performance, oral and written examinations, and general behavior. Educational policies are formulated by the central executive organs of the Communist Party and are implemented primarily by state and other governmental organizations. The Ministry of Education normally formulates rules and regulations underlying the educational process for all levels and types of education. Recent developments include an emphasis on adaptation to technological changes through better trained professional manpower in engineering, chemistry, economics, and other fields. (Author/AV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Education, Communism, Comparative Education, Curriculum, Educational Administration, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Minority Group Influences, Special Education, Teacher Education, Vocational Education
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($1.10, paper cover)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Romania