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ERIC Number: ED166077
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Styles of Research and Scientific Self-Images of Researchers in Four Socio-Behavioral Fields.
Haim, Gabriel
This study explored competition and styles of research in the fields of education, political science, sociology, and psychology. The paper is based on a theory which considers science as a competitive activity. Basic, non-applied, experimental, and "high qualitative" research styles are considered more advantageous to competition because (1) they enable researchers to work simultaneously in the same area without fear of duplication, (2) they provide a more easily inspected criterion of accomplishment, (3) they create conditions promoting specialization, and (4) basic research is free from practical demands. Researchers favoring this style are more likely to describe themselves as "scholars" and "scientists." Researchers favoring the disadvantageous styles of non-basic, applied, theoretical, "soft" research tend to describe themselves as "teachers." Researchers who combine both styles tend to describe themselves either as "professionals" or "intellectuals." A conclusion is that differentiation among researchers based on advantages in competition of their styles of research is paralleled by a differentiation among scientific self-images. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Society for Social Studies of Science, Symposia: Social-Psychological Perspectives on Research Style and Career Development (3rd, Bloomington, Indiana, November 3-5, 1978); Appendices may not reproduce clearly due to small print