ERIC Number: ED166073
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Rise and Influence of the American Academy, 1750-l800.
Pemberton, S. Macpherson
This paper traces the development and contributions of the American academy, a type of school designed to serve the needs of the middle class by including subjects other than college preparation. The three types of 17th century American schools which existed prior to the academy are described: the petty or dame school, the writing school, and the Latin grammar school for the wealthy. The decline of the Latin school in the 18th century was a result of diminishing influence by European traditions and customs and an increasing democratic consciousness. Benjamin Franklin founded the academy system in 1749; it was comprised of three schools, Latin, English, and mathematical, with emphases on the practical applications of science, agriculture, commerce, and industry. By 1800 many academies had been instituted and the movement spread to the West Indies as a result of missionary and educational efforts. The academy system influenced the scope of courses offered in the universities and encouraged the education of girls. Some of its graduates became the best-educated teachers hired by elementary schools. Finally, the academy clearly marked a transition from the aristocratic Latin grammar school to the more democratic high school. (KC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Colonial History (United States), Curriculum, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Practices, Higher Education, Political Influences, Secondary Education, Social Class, Socioeconomic Influences, United States History
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Note: Not available in hard copy from EDRS due to poor reproducibility of original document