ERIC Number: ED165829
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Dec-2
Reference Count: N/A
'TIP' in a Community College Setting.
Thompson, Fred A.
The Teaching Information Processing System (TIPS), a computer-augmented instructional aid, provides individualized instruction for large numbers of students. The TIPS procedure involves the following: (1) instructor preparation of a detailed course outline; (2) delineation of course concept areas and objectives; (3) creation and weekly administration to students of TIPS surveys of multiple-choice questions sampling learning achievement; (4) creation of decision rules for question groupings in order to prescribe individualized assignments; (5) computer coding of survey answer key, concept areas, decision rules, and prescriptions; (6) instructor feedback to student assignments; and (7) administration of hour-long examinations. An evaluation of TIPS' effectiveness was demonstrated by a 10% improvement in the average score of students using the system. Though both high and low ability students were seen to benefit, underachieving students typically benefited more. Student reaction to TIPS was also favorable. Though the costs of implementing TIPS--which include computer time and salaries of teacher assistants and readers--are considerable, and though the expenditure of instructors' time was greater than expected, these factors must be balanced against the ability of instructors to handle larger numbers of students and the incremental learning gain of these students. Appendices illustrate aspects of TIPS. (MB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Riverside City Coll., CA.