ERIC Number: ED165804
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Exploring the Realities of Television with Children.
Morison, Patricia; And Others
A study proposing reality and fantasy discrimination of television content as a classificatory ability sought to identify differences between subjects who were able to make sophisticated reality-fantasy judgements and those who were not, and factors which might contribute to a subject's sophistication in discrimination. Open-ended and structured interviews were conducted with 36 children in grades one, three, and six; these interviews were scored and ranked according to the subject's sophistication with and tendency to use reality and fantasy concepts, sophistication in understanding the commercial broadcast television system, and degree of program familiarity. Results indicated that high scorers in reality-fantasy judgements were distinguished from their less sophisticated grade peers by their increased spontaneous use of reality-fantasy considerations. Also, the ability to assess the reality status of various types of television was relatively independent of the child's familiarity with a variety of television programs. The findings imply that efforts to teach children about the medium of television and its conventions could improve their skills in discriminating reality from fiction on television. (CMV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John and Mary R. Markle Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Harvard Project Zero.