ERIC Number: ED165694
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Alternatives to Tenure. AAHE-ERIC/Higher Education Research Currents. March 1979.
Linney, Thomas J.
An overview of current literature about alternatives and variations to existing concepts of tenure of faculty is presented. Tenure continues the appointment of faculty until retirement unless there is dismissal for adequate cause or unavoidable termination because of financial exigency or change of institutional program. Academic freedom is assured through procedures providing for academic due process in the case of dismissal for cause and economic security is provided by the expectation of continued employment. A combination of demographic changes, judicial decisions, shifts in the college curriculum, and financial restraint in allocation of resources for higher education suggest that this traditional understanding of tenure systems in higher education may change. In future periods of declining enrollments and financial restraint, more tenured faculty will be terminated, with tenure providing small measure of job security. Two major alternatives to tenure are contract systems and modifications combined with traditional tenure systems. There are numerous variations of contracts that replace tenure, but no major university has yet adopted any form of a contract system. Modifications include extension of the probationary period, establishing periodic evaluation of tenured faculty, establishing a nontenure track, and extensive use of part-time faculty appointments. Some major studies that document the concept and process of tenure in American higher education are cited. (SW)
Descriptors: Administrative Change, Change Strategies, College Faculty, Contracts, Court Litigation, Higher Education, Job Layoff, Personnel Policy, State of the Art Reviews, Teacher Employment, Tenure, Trend Analysis
Publications Department, American Association for Higher Education, One Dupont Circle, Suite 780, Washington, D.C. 20036 ($.40)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.; American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.