ERIC Number: ED165676
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Fashions in Instructional Development.
Knapper, Christopher K.
This paper on instructional development notes the trend toward teaching improvement efforts, classifies instructional development centers in terms of their differing philosophies of operation, and identifies some general problems that have been encountered in institutional efforts to improve teaching and learning. Centers in North America, Europe, and Australia can be classified as reflecting broad trends or models. The "clinical/psychotherapeutic" approach offers a consultative service to faculty for advice and assistance with teaching problems. The "research institute" approach acts primarily as a center for empirical investigations of the teaching-learning process. The "consultant/facilitator" approach provides consultation on a wide variety of issues related to teaching and learning and provides general workshops. The "general service center" provides all the services of the other approaches, including research and consultation for individual faculty. Some general problems and concerns of instructional development activities are academic freedom, the kinds of research conducted, social change and personal development educational objectives, and the danger of token efforts. When feedback to faculty members is provided by colleagues or administrative superiors, some faculty feel that the traditional right to teach without interference is endangered. Research conducted through instructional development centers needs to be relevant to the teaching process of the particular university. (SW)
Descriptors: College Faculty, Consultation Programs, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Faculty Evaluation, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Improvement Programs, Inservice Education, Instructional Improvement, Program Evaluation, Teacher Centers, Teacher Effectiveness
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on Improving University Teaching (Aachen, July 1978)