ERIC Number: ED165657
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Sep-11
Reference Count: N/A
Freshman Courses: Divergent Approaches to Increase Student Integration.
Sagaria, Mary Ann Danowitz
A classification system for freshman courses that is useful as a planning tool and descriptive guide is presented and examples of analogous programs are described. Three approaches to freshman courses--interdisciplinary, developmental, and utilitarian--form a continuum, since many courses are derived from more than one philosophical base. The following features of the different kinds of courses are discussed: the philosophy, the roles of the teacher and learner, instructional mode, functions and structural emphases, and organizational climate. Generally, interdisciplinary courses are offered through liberal arts or general studies divisions, and the subject matter is enhanced through the integration of a variety of disciplines. Generally, developmental courses are affiliated with counseling services or general studies divisions and focus upon the student as a person and his or her self-perceptions and relationships with other individuals, society, and the college experience. Generally, utilitarian courses are associated with student affairs divisions and emphasize the student's mastery of a defined knowledge base such as institutional policies, procedures, and resources, or basic skills. Programs at several colleges are cited as examples of the different approaches. The freshman course offers a means to increase faculty, administrator, and counselor interaction with new students and to involve student affairs staff in the formal curriculum. It can also identify programs and services to correspond more meaningfully to student goals. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Center for the Study of Higher Education.