ERIC Number: ED165532
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
The Efficacy of Supportive Learning Environments for Returning Women: An Empirical Evaluation. Research Report No. 10-76.
Berman, Marilyn R.; And Others
Two studies conducted at the University of Maryland during the 1973-74 academic year evaluated the efficacy of programs designed to meet the needs of women and sought to determine whether the provision of a supportive learning environment, rather than individual or group counseling, would influence women's life styles. In the first study 36 experimental subjects took a class in which they undertook four projects: an academic skills project; a career exploration project; a campus, community or women's resources project; and a personal class journal. The projects were designed to promote an active search for information that would be helpful in setting and reaching goals. The 36 experimental subjects were pretested and posttested using the following instruments: Vocational Decision-Making Checklist, the Self-Concept as Learner Scale, the Attitude Toward Women Scale, and Form E of the Dogmatism Scale. In the second study 34 experimental subjects attended weekly sessions organized into large didactic class activities and into three small discussion groups. Information was provided on vocational planning, employment trends, educational opportunities, decision-making, assertiveness training, and personal awareness training. The two programs did affect certain vocational and psychological attitudes. In the first experiment subjects exhibited greater maturity in vocational decision-making, and in the second experiment, subjects' self-concepts were enhanced. (SW)
Descriptors: Adult Students, Age Differences, Assertiveness, Career Planning, Decision Making, Discussion Groups, Females, Higher Education, Individual Development, Institutional Research, Nontraditional Students, Reentry Students, Research Projects, Self Concept, State Universities, Student Adjustment, Student Attitudes, Student Projects, Womens Education
Counseling Center, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 ($1.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.