ERIC Number: ED165495
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Towards Independent Oral and Written Performance. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 4.
Meeker, Sharon K.
This paper describes a technique for giving ESL (English as a second language) students with rather limited English ability an opportunity to talk on a regular basis. The technique takes into consideration: (1) the time limitations of the classroom; (2) the tendency of some students to dominate discussion and the need for giving others opportunities to talk without pressure; (3) teacher preparation time; (4) the teacher's need to "keep things going" in class discussion; and (5) usability as a regular part of class activities. The technique makes use of the language-experience approach, and with student-generated questions allows the class, in a sense, to do the teacher's preparation. It is highly productive in extracting the maximum amount of English that the student knows in both a formal and grammatical as well as an informal and communicative way, on a meaningful level. The four steps involved in the technique include: eliciting questions; small groups or pairs of students asking and answering questions; writing only the answers in a paragraph, like a story; and formal reading or speaking of corrected papers by students. The total time for these steps is 50 minutes or longer. The details of conducting these four steps and further suggestions are presented. (EJS)
Descriptors: Class Activities, Classroom Techniques, Communicative Competence (Languages), Conversational Language Courses, Discussion (Teaching Technique), English (Second Language), Grammar, Language Enrichment, Language Experience Approach, Language Fluency, Language Instruction, Learning Activities, Questioning Techniques, Second Language Learning, Speech Communication, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.