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ERIC Number: ED165241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Environmental Pressure and School Organizational Structures.
Leiter, Jeffrey
This paper examines effects of pressure from the community and teachers' organization on interaction patterns or structures within schools, specifically on normative consensus, upward communication, and facilitative dependence. These structures help determine the extent of cooperation and support teachers receive. Questionnaire data from virtually all administrators and 253 teachers in a stratified random sample of 34 junior high and middle schools are used for a school-level correlation analysis. Community pressure generally disrupts the structures of cooperation, but at severe levels of intrusion into the school, the effect may be reversed as administrators and teachers close ranks against the community. Teacher organization pressure increases consensus among teachers but decreases it between faculty and principal and between principal and superintendent. Such pressure reduces the receptivity of the principal to teacher ideas (in their eyes, at least), although enhancing his actual knowledge of teacher concerns. Finally, teacher organization activity at the district level makes it harder for school personnel to help one another. These findings are interpreted in the light of changes in school-environmental relations, wherein community delegation of authority to professionals is giving way to community surveillance and influence in the schools. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, California, September 1978)