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ERIC Number: ED165116
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Imaginal and Verbal Strategies on Prose Comprehension in Adults. Technical Report No. 110.
Tirre, William C.; And Others
A study involving 80 undergraduate students was undertaken to test the use of imaginal and verbal strategies to remember and comprehend concrete and abstract prose passages. Sets of three to five words were selected from each passage. After reading a passage, the subjects were instructed to process the words either verbally or imaginally by writing a series of sentences or by drawing a picture. In a second session, the subjects were given two tests: a multiple choice test to measure the subject's understanding of the relationship between elements of each word set, and a production test to test the subject's production of the relationships between the study words. The results showed that on the multiple-choice tests the verbal strategy was better than the imaginal strategy, and the effect of the concreteness of the passage and the interaction between concreteness and strategy were not significant. On the production test, there was a trend in favor of the verbal strategy, the effect of concreteness was significant, and the interaction between concreteness and strategy was not significant. (TJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.