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ERIC Number: ED165112
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
The Influence of a Structured Overview on University Students' Short and Long Term Comprehension.
Bean, Thomas W.
An investigation was conducted to ascertain the effects of the structured overview on both the short-term and long-term comprehension of average and below average readers. The subjects were 143 college students classified as average or below average readers and randomly assigned to either a structured overview (65) or a control group (78). Both groups read an article of college level difficulty; students in the structured overview group completed a prereading, teacher-guided discussion of major concepts from the article as they were depicted on the overview. Both groups completed a ten-item multiple choice test on the article immediately following the reading and again one week later. Results showed a significant difference in short-term comprehension favoring the structured overview over the control group, and a significant difference in short-term comprehension favoring average readers over below average readers in both groups. There was no significant difference between the groups on the long-term measure. The differential effect of the overview for average and below average readers suggests that reading achievement is an important independent variable in investigations of adjunct learning aids. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (28th, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, November 30-December 2, 1978)