ERIC Number: ED165101
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Prose Structure on the Recall of Fifth Graders and College Students.
Lantaff, Roger E.
Three passages of fifth-grade readability were read and recalled by 24 high- and low-ability fifth graders and college students. These passages were characterized as either narrative (high degree of temporal linkage), expository (logical linkage and abstract content), or mixed (logical linkage but with content suggestive of a narrative). The results were analyzed on the basis of qualitative and quantitative aspects of the subjects' recall. A significant, monotonic increase in recall was observed between groups, while no overall effects for texts or interactions were shown. However, post hoc analyses did show a very strong effect for texts within the fifth-grade/high-ability group. While low-ability fifth graders had equal difficulty with each of the texts (possibly reflecting decoding difficulties) and the college subjects recalled them with equal ease, the fifth-grade/high-ability group recalled the passage with the presumably more familiar narrative structure better than the expository ones, despite similarities in content. (Author/TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (28th, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, November 30-December 2, 1978)