ERIC Number: ED165099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Middle School Reading Focus: Content or Child?
Winsand, Jean E.
According to recent research data, a successful reading program in the middle school requires a change in educational emphasis from content (skill orientation) to a curriculum determined by the cognitive, moral, and social-emotional development of the child. Three developmental models that provide tools for educators in developing such a curriculum include those of Jean Piaget, Chad Gordon, and Lawrence Kohlberg. Piaget's model provides a basis for deciding the cognitive level of reading content, while that of Gordon describes unavoidable value conflicts or crises in one's interaction with significant others. Kohlberg's model outlines definite stages of moral development related to an individual's cognitive development. In addition to developing a composite personality of the middle school child according to these models, the educator planning the reading curriculum must deal with two other variables, behavior (expected and actual) and environment. A classroom management model based on consideration of these variables provides realistic reading assignments drawn from the interest and cognitive levels of the individual student and it adjusts teaching methods, grouping processes, and supplementary materials according to the areas of a child's personality that are in need of growth and development. (MAI)
Descriptors: Child Development, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Development, Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Middle Schools, Models, Moral Development, Personality Assessment, Reading Instruction, Reading Material Selection, Reading Programs, Student Centered Curriculum, Student Characteristics
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A