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ERIC Number: ED165087
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Some Psycholinguistic Dimensions of the Silent Reading Process. A Pilot Study.
Cambourne, Brian
A modified cloze procedure was used in two studies designed to gain insight into the silent reading process. In the first, involving a small group of third- and fourth-grade children, several stories were prepared based on the assumption that the cloze procedure might be manipulated to reveal a reader's use of semantic, syntactic, and graphophonic cuing systems. As a result of this study, five specific reading/language abilities were identified: finding clues by referring back or ahead into the text, using information already known about the story line or topic ("real world knowledge"), using the cumulative and logical buildup of a story line or topic to make predictions, and using letter clues (replacements controlled by the remaining orthographic clues). A second study was designed around stories that contained deletions made according to the five strategies. The subjects, 39 third-through seventh-grade students, were grouped as "above average,""average," and "below average" readers and administered a cloze procedure task. The results indicated that the above average readers' silent reading behavior was different from that of below average readers. The essential differences centered on focus, the employment of reading strategies, real world knowledge, and the ability to handle graphophonic clues. (FL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Reading Conference (3rd, Melbourne, Australia, August 28-31, 1977)