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ERIC Number: ED165070
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Perseverance of Discredited Self-Perceptions: Beyond the Debriefing Paradigm.
Jennings, Dennis L.; And Others
The apparent external validity of the finding that self-perceptions of ability persevere after the basis for such impressions has been totally discredited was examined. In this study, subjects persevered in their perceptions of personal persuasiveness even after it was revealed that the initial success or failure upon which their impressions were based had been predetermined. Specifically, they formed perceptions of their ability to convince another student to donate blood, then learned that the "persuaded" person was actually responding not to the subject's arguments but to a prearranged script. But even after learning that their self-perceptions were based on false feedback, they continued to act according to them. Contrary to predictions and previous findings, however, instructions to explicitly explain an initial outcome did not increase its subjective likelihood. This finding may be explained in terms of the "sufficient" conditions which normally prompt individuals to explain social events. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (86th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)