ERIC Number: ED165021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Preenlistment Drug Experiences of Navy Women and Men; A Comparison.
Olson, Marsha S.; Thomas, Patricia J.
The purpose of this study was to replicate, with female respondents, a 1975 survey of male preservice substance abuse and its correlates. The Navy's Drug Experiences Questionnaire was administered to 519 women in June 1976. Responses were compared to those of the 1975 male sample. Results showed that female and male preservice drug experiences were similar. No significant differences were found in the proportions of female and male (49.8 vs. 47.0%, respectively) nondrug users, marihuana-only users (22.2 vs. 25.8%), and other drug users (28.0 vs. 27.2%). Significantly more men than women were found to have used hallucinogens, and frequency of drunkeness during the previous year was significantly higher for men than for women. The relationships between substance abuse and racial or ethnic membership, age, high school grades, level of education, geographic origin, size of hometown, and preservice delinquency were similar for both sexes. Despite the finding that patterns of preservice substance abuse of women and men entering the Navy are similar, it is difficult to predict what effect the enlistment of more women will have on the service's drug problems. Further research with samples of both sexes to determine the extent of substance abuse during the first enlistment is recommended. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, San Diego, CA.