ERIC Number: ED165011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Income Inequality and Employment. R&D Monograph 66.
This monograph is a review and analysis of over fifty research and development projects sponsored by the Office of Research and Development which have dealt with welfare recipients and the low-wage employed. The author examines the process by which welfare recipients move into the employed ranks and the extent to which this is accomplished through participation in employment and training programs. It is pointed out by the author that women receiving Aid for Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) fall into three groups: about 10% who are on welfare most of their working years, about 40% who fluctuate between low-income employment and welfare, and about 50% temporarily on welfare because of circumstances. A significant reported finding is that AFDC mothers with the highest education and recent work experience leave welfare more readily than other mothers. In addition, about half of the children of welfare households move out of poverty. According to the author, people move off welfare when they find jobs to enable them to achieve a higher living standard than welfare provides. Studies reviewed by the author demonstrate that 47% of the low-income people employed may remain poor, 25% may be out of poverty most of the time, and 28% may be out of poverty about half of the time. (CSS)
Descriptors: Blacks, Dependents, Economic Change, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Programs, Employed Women, Employees, Employment Programs, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Job Placement, Labor Force, Labor Force Nonparticipants, Low Income, Males, Mobility, Motivation, Occupational Mobility, Poverty, Poverty Programs, Social Mobility, Unemployment, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Whites, Work Attitudes, Work Experience
Inquiries Unit, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Room 10225 Patrick Henry Building, 601 D Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20213
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States