ERIC Number: ED164970
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
International Road Signs: Interpretability and Training Techniques.
Griffith, Douglas; Actkinson, Tomme R.
The drivers in a battalion about to be deployed to Germany were taught the meanings of international road signs using one of the following techniques: Sign Only, in which the road signs were presented via a slide projector and the names of the slides provided orally by the instructor; Sign Elaboration, which was identical to the Sign Only condition except that mnemonic cue was provided to facilitate retention of the sign's meaning; and a Standard Control condition, in which a lecture presentation was supplemented with standard training aids. No significant differences were obtained in the performance of the groups. The analyses of the interpretability of individual signs indicated that there was good reason to question the interpretability of many international road signs. Apparently, the more abstract the symbolic representation, the lower the interpretability. Training should stress selective instructional strategies for the more abstract signs and have a longer instruction period. (Author/CSS)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Armed Forces, Communication (Thought Transfer), Comparative Analysis, Cues, Driver Education, Foreign Countries, Lecture Method, Methods Research, Military Training, Retention (Psychology), Signs, Slides, Symbolic Learning, Traffic Control, Training Methods, Visual Learning
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (Army), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Ft. Hood, TX.
Identifiers - Location: United States