ERIC Number: ED164831
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
The Noneconomic Impacts of the Job Corps. R&D Monograph 64.
Goldberg, Judith F.; And Others
A three-year pilot study was conducted to determine the noneconomic benefits of the Job Corps on the impact areas of jobs, society, and health. Representing seven Job Corps centers, a sample of 489 youth between the ages of 16 and 22 participated, of whom 85 percent were black and 87 percent were urban. In order to draw comparisons, the participants were chosen from three different groups: persisters or those who remained in the Job Corps at least three months; those who dropped out of the program earlier; and those who did not enroll. Of the twenty-one outcomes which were measured covering the three impact areas, persisters were found to have improved in eight areas (job seeking skills, job satisfaction, attitude toward authority, self-esteem, crime reduction, nutrition behavior, family relations, and leisure time), while dropouts only improved in two and nonenrollees in five. Particularly impressive was the Job Corps' impact on (1) crime reduction, which showed that the Corps can function effectively as a rehabilitation agent (delinquent females were found to have benefitted the most with only a four percent rate of recidivism among persisters, or compared to a much higher rate for nonenrolled and dropout females); and (2) health, which resulted from the Corps' providing free medical care to participants, including physical examinations, doctor visits, dental care, and family life and nutrition education. (Numerous tables throughout display various analyses of the data collected for this study.) (ELG)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Black Youth, Crime, Delinquent Rehabilitation, Disadvantaged Youth, Dropouts, Failure, Family Life Education, Family Relationship, Health, Health Education, Job Satisfaction, Job Search Methods, Leisure Time, Medical Services, Nutrition, Nutrition Instruction, Pilot Projects, Program Effectiveness, Self Esteem, Social Welfare, Success, Work Attitudes, Youth Employment, Youth Problems, Youth Programs
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 029-000-00344-1)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge, MA.