ERIC Number: ED164699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Consequences of Age at First Childbirth: Labor Force Participation and Earnings. Working Paper: 1146-04.
Hofferth, Sandra L.; And Others
The primary focus of this paper is on the impact an early birth has on later labor force participation and earnings of women. Variables affecting the participation of women in a given year and factors affecting the total work experience are discussed in detail. These include: hours worked, annual earnings, hourly wages, occupational status, race, geographical region in which the woman grew up, her educational attainment, the number and ages of her children, her own age, family income, marital status, school enrollment, residential changes, and physical limitations. Other factors discussed are environmental: the local labor market, residence in an urban area or a Southern state, in an area characterized by high or low unemployment, and in an area of good or poor employment opportunities for white and black women. Two longitudinal data sets, the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women and the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics, are used in the analysis. It is concluded that an early first birth does not directly affect a woman's participation in the labor force nor does it affect the occupational status, hours of work, hourly wages, or annual earnings of working women. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Home Study Council, Washington, DC. Accrediting Commission.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.