ERIC Number: ED164682
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Two Types of Cognitive Functioning in Primary and Secondary Retardation.
Minkovich, Avram; And Others
In this study, high and low socioeconomic status (SES) retarded children (approximately 10 years old) were matched on chronological age and two IQ measures. Children in each SES group were presented with a series of simple learning tasks derived from the work of Jensen and his hypotheses about two levels of learning. The tasks themselves were varied along several dimensions so as to present a continuum from simple to complex learning. Tasks included Paired Associates, Serial Learning, and Free Recall. Results indicated that low SES children outperformed the high SES group on simple, but not on complex, tasks although a continuum was not demonstrated. While partial confirmation of the Jensen hypothesis was offered by the results, further examination of the results suggested revision of the model and alternative directions for the classification and diagnosis of the retarded. (Author/WI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel).
Identifiers - Location: Israel