ERIC Number: ED164623
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Bias in Testing: A Review with Policy Recommendations.
Tittle, Carol Kehr
Educational achievement tests, career interest inventories, and aptitude tests are reviewed for examples of sex bias, and changes in policy concerning the use of these tests are suggested. These suggestions are within the authority and responsibility of local and state educational administrators, teachers, counselors, parents, and students. The author concludes that guidelines concerning the review, selection, use, and interpretation of tests are especially needed for policy makers, since educational tests are neither inherently sex fair nor sex biased. Sources of guidelines for evaluating the fairness and the use of a test are discussed, as well as general professional standards for test construction. A number of examples from actual test items illustrate cases of bias against females--in achievement tests, male characters are mentioned more often and in more active roles; career interest inventories have separate male and female scales and norms, resulting in disproportionate counseling about career options; and aptitude tests may be written and interpreted according to sex role stereotypes. More stringent guidelines for test selection are strongly recommended whenever selection tests result in adverse impact. A bibliography is appended. (Author/GDC)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Aptitude Tests, Educational Testing, Females, Group Norms, Guidelines, Interest Inventories, Males, Occupational Tests, Policy Formation, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, State of the Art Reviews, Test Bias, Test Reviews, Test Validity
Women's Educational Equity Communications Network, Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, 1855 Folsom Street, San Francisco, California 94103 ($3.50)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Women's Program Staff.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Princeton, NJ.; Women's Educational Equity Communications Network, San Francisco, CA.