ERIC Number: ED164145
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Manitoba Native Bilingual Program: A Handbook.
Kirkness, Verna J.
Aims, design, curriculum materials, and evaluation results of a bilingual education pilot project which began in 1971 in several Manitoba schools are presented in this handbook. Designed to instruct native children in their own language, the project was begun to combat high failure and dropout rates among native children being taught wholly in English. The handbook outlines the language shift pattern used during the five-year period from kindergarten one to grade three, beginning with total instruction in the native language and ending with all instruction in English except for a time space allotted for teaching of the native language as a second language. Brief descriptions of the approach used for each year are given, along with a listing of curriculum materials developed to meet the needs of native children as they relate to language and cultural heritage and those commercially developed materials which were also used. Results of an evaluation made during the fourth year of the pilot project are given, showing that attitudinal and self-concept scores were higher for pilot schools and that instructing English as a Second Language is as effective as a total English immersion program. The handbook contains a list of the Manitoba pilot schools and of other information available about the bilingual program. (RS)
Descriptors: American Indians, Arithmetic, Bilingual Education, Canada Natives, Communication Skills, Concept Formation, Cultural Education, Curriculum, Elementary Education, Elementary School Curriculum, English (Second Language), Language Arts, Language Handicaps, Pilot Projects, Program Evaluation, Second Language Learning, Self Concept
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada