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ERIC Number: ED164097
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-May
Pages: 120
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Review of Play and Its Relationship to Learning.
Naumburg, Janet
The value and function of play behavior in young children, and the process and conditions by which play contributes to learning, cognition and problem solving, are explored in this literature review. The first section examines early theories of play, the psychoanalytic theory of play, and the developmental stages of play. Common elements of play are described and criteria for distinguishing play from non-play behavior are examined. The second section describes different approaches to viewing play: sciencing (which includes testing and rehypothesizing); symbolic (designating some object or activity to replace others); socio-dramatic (using symbolic play with regard to role playing); creativity (in which something unique evolves through divergent thinking, problem solving and hypothesis testing); and block play (involving construction). The third section discusses the relationship between play and learning, cognition, knowledge and knowing. Piaget's theories of child's play and intellectual development are central to this discussion. The last section explores the decisive role the child's environment has in the play and learning process. Parents, other adults and teachers are seen as having a crucial role in creating an environment for play. Ways in which parent's actions can foster or discourage play behavior are discussed. (Author/SE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A