ERIC Number: ED163880
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: N/A
Variables Related to University Student Alienation. Research Report No. 13-70.
Schmidt, Du Mont K.; Sedlacek, William E.
A measure of student alienation was developed from the University Student Census (USC), an activities and attitude inventory that was administered to undergraduates carrying nine or more hours at the University of Maryland. Responses available from 13,700 sophomores, juniors, and seniors were used in factor analysis of the attitude items. A random sample of 540 subjects were administered a Likert Scale to evaluate 17 statements on the USC, and these 17 items were factor analyzed. Results indicate a rather consistent behaviorial validation for the alienation scale. The more alienated students knew fewer faculty, felt more need for counseling, and fewer of their fathers attended the University of Maryland. Another finding was that students who dated more felt more alienated. It could be that the more active students on campus (including socially active) tend to be more critical of the university and therefore more alienated. The scale focuses on alienation from the university, and this alienation could be seen as independent of alienation from peers. It is further possible that students alienated from the school seek involvement elsewhere. Results also indicate that new students (freshmen or transfer) anticipated less alienation than other students felt. (Author/SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.