ERIC Number: ED163325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Training Prosocial Behavior in Preschool Children.
Smith, Cathleen L.
In a single case study which incorporated a reversal within a multiple-baseline-across-subjects design, two women presented individual children (N=3) with eight natural-appearing opportunities to behave prosocially in each session (two opportunities each of helping, sharing, teaching, and sympathy). The training procedure involved a standardized package consisting of modeling, an instructional prompt, and praise. Results indicated that during four training sessions, all children increased their rate of prosocial responding over baseline levels. A reversal session dropped the average level of responding from 91% to 54%. On the fifth and final training session, all children responded on 100% of the prosocial opportunities. A final two days of baseline produced a gradual return to the original pretraining levels in two subjects, but the third subject continued to respond on 75% of the prosocial opportunities through the final baseline session. These results demonstrate the efficacy of a technique for reliably increasing the prosocial behavior of young children. It is straightforward and simple to administer in natural situations such as home and school. Adults can take advantage of naturally-occurring opportunities to demonstrate, prompt, and reinforce children's sharing, helping, teaching and sympathetic behavior. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Portland State Univ., OR.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (58th, San Francisco, California, April 19-22, 1978)