ERIC Number: ED163314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Forcible Rape: An Analysis of Legal Issues.
National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.
Traditionally, rape has been defined as "carnal knowledge of a woman by force and against her will." The test of force has been crucial, and consent deduced. Victims were assumed to be consenting parties unless criminal circumstances could be proved. Victims were oftened questioned about past sexual behavior. Current reform efforts have attempted to correct these injustices. Legislative changes have attempted to redefine rape to recognize varying degrees with flexible penalty structures and to take into account issues of child sexual molestation, rape within marriage, and the rape in which a male is the victim. In some states, penalty structures are being reduced. Privacy for victims, advocate programs, service programs, and prevention and self-defense programs are being introduced. The Michigan and Washington State laws offer patterns of successful change. Appendices include a summation table and narrative description of legislation for each state. (Author/JLL)
Descriptors: Aggression, Crime, Criminal Law, Law Enforcement, Rape, Research Projects, Sexuality, Social Problems, State Legislation, Victims of Crime, Violence
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. (Stock No. 027-000-00627-2)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.