ERIC Number: ED163137
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Discrimination in Guidance and Counseling. Report Review and Action Recommendations.
National Advisory Council on Women's Educational Programs, Washington, DC.
The cultural conditioning which specifies and limits women's roles not only pervades secondary and higher educational practices, but is actually reinforced by current guidance practices. Bias against women's attainment is perpetuated by the very experts who counsel women. Socialization and sex stereotyping lead to both quantitative and qualitative differences in self concept between men and women. Although approximately half of the guidance counselors in elementary and secondary schools are women, counselor educators are overwhelmingly white and male. This has strong implications, borne out by studies, that counselors hold negative expectations for women and minorities. In addition, counselors' theoretical underpinnings, the materials they use, and the culture in which they live are all sex-biased, often ignoring the special factors that affect women. A number of organizations are undertaking programs to remedy sexism in women's education and guidance counseling. Such efforts must be strongly supported by the State and Federal governments, as well as by institutions and professional organizations. Since high school and college women arrive in the counselors' offices already socialized into considering only traditional education and careers, equity in education must be the goal. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Advisory Council on Women's Educational Programs, Washington, DC.