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ERIC Number: ED163002
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Process of Change in Curriculum.
Cooper, Shirley Howard
Approaches to organizational change are examined, and the means for overcoming resistance to change are suggested. Seven models of change commonly used are identified as: (1) decree; (2) replacement of personnel; (3) structural reorganization; (4) group agreement; (5) data discussion; (6) group problem solving; and (7) T group. The sixth change model (group problem solving) examined in detail as the one model that minimized individual istanresistance to change and puts the power to direct and control the change in the hands of the people who are expected to change. While the desired outcome is determined by those in authority, the participants are actively involved in bringing about change with this method of decision making. The involvement of each person in diagnosis of the problem, generation of alternative solutions, and selection of a solution are essential ingredients of the model and simultaneously reduce personal resistance. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at National Association for Sport and Physical Education Symposium (St. Louis, Missouri, November 4-6, 1978)