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ERIC Number: ED162859
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Preferences: A Validation Study. Preliminary Draft.
van den Berg, Euwe; And Others
The four modes of cognitive preference are recall (R), principles (P), questions (Q), and application (A). The Science Cognitive Preference Inventory (SCPI) and an extensive background questionnaire were administered to 144 high school students from throughout the United States who were enrolled in various summer science programs for talented students. After six weeks the SCPI, which assesses cognitive preferences in biological and physical science, was administered again to some of these students. Forty other students were asked to respond to the SCPI and to explain their responses, which were classified according to empirical criteria by trained raters. High scores were found for P and Q and low scores for R, which indicates a high level of intellectual curiosity, a critical attitude toward scientific information, and a tendency to generalize findings into relationships and theories, rather than memorizing them. Comparison of the scores for physical science and for biological science showed that the R and Q modes are fairly consistent across disciplines but the P and A modes are not. Significant correlations of cognitive preferences with background factors and attitudes were found. (Author/BB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A