ERIC Number: ED162806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Social, Economic and Health Characteristics of Older American Indians (Part 2 of 2). Statistical Reports on Older Americans, June 1978.
Williams, Blanch S.
In 1970 the Indian population of all ages was 763,000; 148,600 were 45 years of age or older and 43,800 were 65 years of age or older. Two-thirds of all older American Indian women and slightly more than one-third of the older men were either single, widowed, or divorced. Half of the older Indians received incomes below $1,408; this was 24% below the median income of all older persons. Only 7% of older Indians received incomes of $5,000 or more. The proportion of elderly Indians below the poverty level in 1969 was nearly double that of the total older population. The life expectancy at birth for Indians and Native Alaskans is 65.1 years, seven years less than that for white persons. The leading causes of deaths among the older Indian population in 1974 included heart disease followed by cancer. Cultural differences, low income, and lack of a focal point for services have all contributed to the plight of elderly Indians. This report, the second of two reports on older American Indians, focuses on persons age 45-64 and 65+. It contains statistical tables and analyses on marital status, household composition, labor force characteristics, income and poverty, education, health, life expectancy, and mortality. Data were taken primarily from the 1970 census as well as from the Indian Health Service and the Social Security Administration; they show the economic, social, and health situations of the older Indian population to be worse than that for elderly persons of all races. (Author/DS)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Census Figures, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Death, Delivery Systems, Demography, Economic Factors, Employment Patterns, Health Conditions, Nonreservation American Indians, Older Adults, Poverty, Rural Urban Differences, Social Characteristics, Statistical Data
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Administration on Aging (DHEW), Washington, DC. National Clearinghouse on Aging.
Note: Tables 2, 4, and 8 may not reproduce well due to small print size; For related document, see ED 138 416