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ERIC Number: ED162740
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 107
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Day Care and Its Effects on Early Development: A Study of Group and Home Care in Multi-Ethnic, Working-Class Families. Research in Education Series No. 8.
Fowler, William; Kahn, Nasim
This 5-year study involved the design, development and evaluation of a combined day care and parent guidance program for infants and preschool children, and included comparisons between participants' development from 6 months to 5 years of age and the development of a group of similar children reared entirely at home. Major elements of the parent and day care program, based at a municipal day care center, are described. These include the physical setting, teaching principles and techniques, curriculum, in-service training and program assessment procedures. Described in more detail are the major findings, which center on two aspects of the study: first, evaluating the characteristics of the day care program itself, including the patterns of caregiving and stimulation, the environment, and the interactions between caregivers and children; second, reporting enough main trends in parent and child development to evaluate the quality of the parent and day care program. Among the many implications discussed are the following: (1) given moderate levels of interpersonal care and cognitive stimulation, program infants thrived at least as well as home-reared children on measures of motivation and socio-emotional development and better than home-reared children on cognitive measures; (2) children in group day care did less well than home-reared children past age 3; (3) a regular program of parent guidance may considerably enhance the development of working-class children from all backgrounds. (Author/SE)
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6 (no price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Educational Labs.; Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.