ERIC Number: ED162740
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Day Care and Its Effects on Early Development: A Study of Group and Home Care in Multi-Ethnic, Working-Class Families. Research in Education Series No. 8.
Fowler, William; Kahn, Nasim
This 5-year study involved the design, development and evaluation of a combined day care and parent guidance program for infants and preschool children, and included comparisons between participants' development from 6 months to 5 years of age and the development of a group of similar children reared entirely at home. Major elements of the parent and day care program, based at a municipal day care center, are described. These include the physical setting, teaching principles and techniques, curriculum, in-service training and program assessment procedures. Described in more detail are the major findings, which center on two aspects of the study: first, evaluating the characteristics of the day care program itself, including the patterns of caregiving and stimulation, the environment, and the interactions between caregivers and children; second, reporting enough main trends in parent and child development to evaluate the quality of the parent and day care program. Among the many implications discussed are the following: (1) given moderate levels of interpersonal care and cognitive stimulation, program infants thrived at least as well as home-reared children on measures of motivation and socio-emotional development and better than home-reared children on cognitive measures; (2) children in group day care did less well than home-reared children past age 3; (3) a regular program of parent guidance may considerably enhance the development of working-class children from all backgrounds. (Author/SE)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Early Experience, Emotional Development, Employed Parents, Infants, Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation, Social Development
The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6 (no price quoted)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Educational Labs.; Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.