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ERIC Number: ED162322
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Knowledge Acquisition from Newspaper Stories.
Thorndyke, Perry W.
Two experiments involving 105 undergraduates tested acquisition of knowledge from newspaper stories. Subjects studied either an actual newspaper story or an altered form of the story constructed by deleting the irrelevant and redundant information and restricting the remaining information into either a narrative, topical, or outline form. Presentation of any of the condensed versions of the story led to better recall than presentation of the entire news story. However, none of the structural reorganizations of the text information led to consistently superior recall relative to a passage that deleted the irrelevant information but maintained the story structure. These results contradict the theory that supposes a single, universal schema underlies the representation of all passages in human memory. (Author/FL)
Descriptors: College Students, Comprehension, Discourse Analysis, Higher Education, Information Theory, Journalism, Knowledge Level, Learning Processes, Newspapers, Prose, Recall (Psychology)
The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90406 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.