ERIC Number: ED162278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Psycholinguistic Analysis of the Oral and Silent Reading Performance of Selected Standard IV Subjects in Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Technical Report No. 468.
Amoroso, Henry Carmelo, Jr.
Students from Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies, participated in a study to determine their overall reading ability as measured by norm- and criterion-referenced reading tests and to discover the extent to which linguistically related reading difficulties were manifested in their oral and silent reading performance. The Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test and four subtests of the Wisconsin Tests of Reading Skill Development: Word Attack were administered to 200 good and poor readers in their fifth year of formal education. Approximately half of the test booklets were randomly selected and scored and the subjects were divided into good, deficit, and difference reading ability groups. Subjects from each group were asked to read a test passage into a tape recorder and then to retell it in their own words. Five tapings from each group were selected for miscue analysis. Conclusions drawn from the data are: no group of readers was observed to make highly effective use of oral or silent reading strategies as a means of facilitating meaning acquisition; regardless of reading ability, subjects encountered difficulties in consistently maintaining the grammatical and meaning structures of materials written in standard English; and few subjects were able to adequately verbalize about the stories they read. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Individualized Schooling.