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ERIC Number: ED162215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Behavior Change in Children at a Therapeutic Summer Camp as a Function of Feedback, Individual Versus Group Contingencies, and Subject Characteristics.
Hughes, Honore
Two contingency systems, individual and group, were evaluated for their effects on children's behavior during small group meetings. A group of 48 children, ages 8-14, attended a seven-week residential camp program operated on a token economy system. Ratings of the campers' behavior were made by the counselors on a five-point rating scale at the conclusion of the daily meetings. Each camper received both contingency programs, in counterbalanced order. Data were gathered during baseline, two feedback and two treatment phases. An analysis of variance for repeated measures was performed on the mean weekly camper scores. Both systems were eqully effective in significantly increasing the amount of desirable behavior, and there was no effect on behavior due to feedback alone. The importance of subject characteristics for the group contingency system was verified. The results are discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages of each type of contingency system, and recommendations are made regarding the appropriate use of each type of system with specified populations and settings. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A