ERIC Number: ED162042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Authority in the Workplace: The Causes of Sexual Inequality. Discussion Paper No. 506-78.
Wolf, Wendy C.; Fligstein, Neil D.
The purpose of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of the causes of the restriction of women from positions of authority in the workplace. Ascertained is the extent to which the sex gap in authority can be explained by the following three factors: (1) women's qualifications; (2) the attitudes and behaviors of employers; and (3) the attitudes and behaviors of women themselves. It is found that while the amount of the sex difference in authority that can be explained by women's qualifications is substantial, it is not the most important factor responsible for the restriction of women from positions of authority. Furthermore, there is strong evidence suggesting that the attitudes and behaviors of employers are much more important causes of sexual differences in authority in the workplace than are the attitudes and behaviors of the women themselves. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Center for Population Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Note: For a related document, see ED 147 438; Not available in hard copy due to reproduction quality of the original document