ERIC Number: ED162041
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
Sexual Inequality in the Workplace: An Employer-Specific Analysis of Pay Differences. Discussion Paper No. 502-78.
Halaby, Charles N.
Sexual inequality is rooted in systematic male-female differences in employer-employee exchanges of productive resources for employment and pay. In an analysis of the effects of the differential distribution of personnel across the major job classes and hierarchical levels of a large utilities firm, the degree to which the male-female salary gap is due directly to wage discrimination, or indirectly to sex segregation, was determined. An examination of the relation between earnings, position and human capital was used to ascertain the degree and nature of sexual differences in salary regimes. It was found that sex accounted for 31% of the variance in salary, but that most of this difference was due to male-female disparities in schooling and seniority. Further analysis revealed that sexual inequality can be traced to job and rank segregation along sexual lines. While job segregation may reflect the companies' decisions not to consider women for certain positions (or a dearth of qualified women), rank segregation more closely reflects company policy. Rank segregation occurs because the company transforms female human capital into higher rank at a lower rate than male capital, that is, promoting men to the highest rank to which their jobs lead but not promoting women hired for the same jobs. (Author/KR)
Descriptors: Career Opportunities, Employer Attitudes, Employer Employee Relationship, Employment Level, Employment Practices, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Occupational Segregation, Personnel Policy, Personnel Selection, Promotion (Occupational), Salary Wage Differentials, Seniority, Sex Discrimination
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.