ERIC Number: ED161972
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Home Environment, Self-Concept and Urban Student Achievement: A Bibliography and Review of Research. NJ Urban Education Research Reports No. 5.
Shapiro, Carol; Bloom, Joel S.
This review analyzes recent research on student personality, social and home environment, and the influence of these factors on academic achievement, particularly among minority and disadvantaged students. Several factors which purportedly affect student achievement and which are examined in the review include: (1) socioeconomic status and its various indicators; (2) the cognitive climate of the home; (3) family relationships (broken versus intact families); (4) family residential mobility; (5) student self-concept; and (6) other personality correlates of achievement, including achievement motivation and anxiety. Lack of standardization in methodology, terminology, size of samples, and instruments used for assessment inhibit broad generalizations of research conclusions in this survey. However, the review does suggest that student achievement is the complex result of many interrelated factors, of which ability is only one. In order to raise students' cognitive development, it is stated, educators must consider non-cognitive student variables such as pre-school experience, home environment, geographic transience, individual personality, parental involvement, socioeconomic status, race, sex, family size, and birth order and spacing. A bibliography is included. (Author/KR)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.
Note: Prepared in conjunction with the now-defunct Urban Education Observatory