ERIC Number: ED161561
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
An Epidemiological Study of School Achievement: Implications for Theory and Research.
Landsberger, Betty H.
This epidemiological study investigates the question of whether there are sex-race group differences in factors responsible for school achievement in the early grades. Approximately 350 children enrolled in 18 schools were measured at the beginning of kindergarten and end of the 3rd grade for cognitive ability, social-emotional characteristics and school achievement. When the sex-race groups were examined separately, it was found that the white female group performed best at the end of the 3rd grade in all areas. Performance levels decreased in this order: white females, white males, black females, black males. Results of correlational and multiple regression analyses reported in this study indicate several differences among the sex-race groups. Cognitive ability appears to account for more of the variance in reading achievement for whites than for blacks. Home background and other factors measured at kindergarten entrance are related to achievement, ability and social maturity at the end of 3rd grade only for the white males. Implications of the findings for theory of school achievement and for research are presented. The relation of school achievement to later health differences among the groups studied is also discussed. The advisability of separate sex-race group analysis before making conclusions for the total group is indicated. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A