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ERIC Number: ED161555
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Compensatory Education for Preschoolers: A Non-Technical Report on the U.W.O. Preschool Project. Research Bulletin No. 440.
Wright, Mary J.
This summary report, one of a series of documents on the evaluation of the University of Western Ontario Preschool Project, reviews studies (conducted as part of the project) of preschool children to determine why disadvantaged children fail in school and to discover if compensatory education activates and maintains the children's cognitive functioning. These studies of sixty 3-year-olds during one year in preschool, and 50 of these same children during 2 consecutive years in preschool, yielded findings indicating that children from economically disadvantaged homes fail in school more often than their more advantaged counterparts because they do not receive enough cognitive stimulation during a critical phase in their development and because their home environments are not conducive to the development of effective cognitive and learning styles or problem solving strategies. Results also showed that (1) preschool education, begun with such children when they are 3 years old, can have significant immediate compensatory effects, but that (2) such effects are greater when the children are offered a well-organized program focusing on the development of conceptual abilities and representational skills and structured to meet each child's individual needs. (Author/SE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of National Health and Welfare, Ottawa (Ontario).; Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Toronto.
Authoring Institution: University of Western Ontario, London. Dept. of Psychology.