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ERIC Number: ED161414
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Electronic Computers for Slate-Board Schools: An Ethnographic Parallel to Steel Axes for Stone-Age Men.
Blumenfeld, G.; And Others
Although schools have made a slight change from slate and chalk to books and pens, the underlying social organization of many still rests on assumptions that act as barriers to such innovations as computer based education (CBE). Good planning and careful control can raise the probability of successful integration of innovation into the culture, and Niehoff (1966) has proposed a model for planned change that could easily be applied to the implementation of CBE. Attention should be paid to two major forces affecting planned innovation: techniques used by the innovator to achieve adoption of an innovation, and behavior of the recipients toward the proposed innovation. Six forces affecting directed change are methods of communication, participation of the recipients, utilization of established practices, felt need of recipients, perceived benefits of the innovation, and involvement in local leadership. If initial success is obtained with the implementation plan, some secondary factors must be taken into account, such as flexibility of the innovator, provisions for continuity and maintenance, and training for school personnel. (VT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Development of Computer Based Instructional Systems (Dallas, Texas, March 1-4, 1978); For related document, see IR 006 231