ERIC Number: ED161352
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of a Dual Labor Market in Higher Education. AIR Forum Paper 1978.
Roemer, Robert E.; Schnitz, James E.
The nature of a dual labor market in higher education consisting of positions that may lead to tenure and those that do not, is identified. Evidence of recent increases in the proportion of non-tenure track positions is described, this development is interpreted, and implications for higher education are discussed. The paper proceeds in three sections. First, the declining demand for new doctorates in higher education since 1967 and the continuing production of new doctorates into the mid-l970's are detailed. Second, ways in which academic labor market conditions have increasingly led institutions to hire new faculty for non-tenure track positions are described. Finally, dual labor market theory is employed to interpret this development as the creation of primary and secondary tracks in the academic labor market and to assess the qualitative impact of this development on institutions of higher learning. Using the analog of the nineteenth century German university, it is concluded that there is a point at which the proportion of non-tenure track positions in an institution will have a deleterious impact on the scholarly functions of the university. (Author/LBH)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Career Ladders, Career Opportunities, College Faculty, Demand Occupations, Doctoral Degrees, Doctoral Programs, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Labor Market, Postsecondary Education as a Field of Study, Status, Teacher Placement, Tenure, Unions
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A