ERIC Number: ED161246
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Bilingual Education: The National Perspective. Responding to New Realities. ACTFL Review of Foreign Language Education, Vol. 5.
Swanson, Maria Medina
This overview of bilingual education concerns definitions, rationale, program and student characteristics, background in the United States, data on bilingual programs, the sociocultural context, the politics of bilingual education, the development of specific bilingual programs, and studies and implications for the foreign language profession. Bilingual education involves the use of two languages, not simply learning English as a second language. It is beneficial to non-English speaking learners and to English-speaking students who wish to learn another language and culture. It has been affirmed that the use of English as the sole medium of instruction has left many children illiterate in their native languages and has contributed to low achievement levels in English itself. Information is presented on the number, geographic location, and linguistic distribution of bilingual education programs. Bilingual education is considered in a sociocultural context from the point of view of the non-ethnic majority, the school, and the ethnic minority. Changes in laws and school programs and funding considerations are discussed. The implementation of several bilingual education programs is considered, including program design and instruction, selection and development of materials, teacher training, community involvement, and evaluation. (SW
Descriptors: American Indians, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Community Involvement, Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Ethnic Groups, Federal Legislation, French, Higher Education, Language Instruction, Language of Instruction, Language Programs, Navajo, Political Influences, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Program Evaluation, School Community Relationship, Second Languages, Sociocultural Patterns, Spanish, Spanish Speaking, Student Characteristics, Teacher Education
Not Available Separately; See FL 009 607
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, New York, NY.