ERIC Number: ED161022
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Cued Free Recall Learning among Rural Hawaiian Children Using Standardized Norms. Technical Report No. 71.
Ciborowski, Tom; Price-Williams, D.
Thirty-eight bidialectical rural Hawaiian children participated in a study to determine if they would display clustering in a cued recall task and to explore the possible influence of dialect usage on recall performance. For purposes of the study, "clustering" was defined as the ability of subjects to recall list items by category membership and not in a rote fashion. The subjects, six-, eight-, and twelve-year olds, were given three lists, each containing four words from four different categories. After reading a list, a child was asked to recall all the words from a specified category. Half of the subjects were tested in the Hawaiian-Creole English (Pidgin) dialect and half in standard English. Results confirm strong developmental differences in both the number of recalled items and the degree of clustering. They also confirm that rural Hawaiian children possess the requisite processes and cognitive structures to organize and recall list items by category. The findings indicate that there were no significant effects attributable to dialect. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kamehameha Schools, Honolulu, HI. Kamehameha Early Education Project.