ERIC Number: ED160981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Perception and Retention in Children's Reading. Final Report.
Wicklund,David A.; Katz, Leonard
Differences in perceptual processes of good and poor readers relevant to single word perception have been studied in a series of experiments. The major differences between good and poor readers have been shown to occur at the level of the single word; other differences occur in knowledge of spelling patterns and ability to make use of letters' positional redundancy (their tendency to occur very often in a given position) in words. To demonstrate knowledge of positional redundancy, subjects search for a target letter in a string of letters; data from experiments using this visual scanning task suggest that redundancy related to letter position alone is a strong differentiator of reading ability. Regardless of how much of the reading process is visually based and how much is based on phonology, considerable visual processing must precede a phonological stage. Other experiments have addressed a variety of topics, including brain hemispheric specialization in children's reading; differences between good and poor readers in memory processing, use of spatial redundancy, and use of distinctive letter features alone; and positional redundancy effects using novel nonalphabetic symbols. Current research is concerned with determining the relative information value of positional information alone and in conjunction with letter context information. (GW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Connecticut Univ., Storrs. Dept. of Psychology.
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