ERIC Number: ED160922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Nonprojective Analysis of nAch Among Male and Female Workers.
Kissler, Gary D.
This study investigated possible sex differences in need for achievement (nAch) among 225 organizational employees as measured by a nonprojective questionnaire developed by Hermans (1970). Further, several hypotheses suggested by previous research were tested in an effort to explain sex differences in nAch. A significant difference between males and females was found, with females having the higher nAch mean. No support was found for the predictions that one's geographic background or the marital status of one's parents during childhood would affect nAch. It was found that subjects whose parents encouraged independence/achievement obtained a significantly higher mean nAch than subjects who received less parental encouragement in this area. The predicted nonlinear relationship between nAch and family responsibility, defined by examining categories based on the subject's age, number of dependents, and age of dependents, was found for females. Socioeconomic status showed a significant effect upon nAch for the total sample for males and a near significant effect for females. The means were in the predicted direction. (Author)
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Family Influence, Females, Individual Needs, Males, Motivation, Personality, Research Projects, Sex Differences, Social Psychology, Socioeconomic Status, Status Need
Gary D. Kissler, Navy Personnel Research and Development Center (Code 302), San Diego, California, 92152
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A