ERIC Number: ED160751
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
To Prevent Harm.
Insurance Inst. for Highway Safety, Washington, DC.
Since 1969 the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety has concentrated on researching, demonstrating, and communicating to the public methods of reducing highway losses. The Institute has established a framework to classify the nature of each kind of loss (human, vehicle and equipment, and environment) in relation to the three phases of the crash event (precrash, crash, and postcrash) and the crash results. Precrash research has included work on drug or alcohol use in relation to driving, the effect of driver training, the effectiveness of drunk driving "crackdowns," state policy screening for vehicles involved in unlawful activity, and defects in vehicle design. In the crash phase, the Institute's work has examined the contribution of such vehicle factors as size, passenger compartment characteristics, and restraint systems to injuries and particularly to those injuries suffered by children in automobiles or by pedestrians or suffered in accidents involving trucks or roadside structures. Postcrash research identified causes of vehicle fires and explored the adequacy of emergency care. Projects on crash results have studied the severity of injuries and their costs, motorcycle accidents, bicycle-motor vehicle collisions, pedestrian deaths, vehicular damage, carbon monoxide poisoning, the cost effectiveness of safety measures, and conceptual frameworks for highway loss problem solving. (Besides a bibliography of the Institute's publications and films on these subjects, information is included on the board of directors and Institute staff.) (ELG)
Descriptors: Administrators, Bibliographies, Bicycling, Children, Cost Effectiveness, Death, Drinking, Driver Education, Drug Abuse, Emergency Programs, Filmographies, Fire Protection, Injuries, Institutional Research, Motor Vehicles, Pedestrian Traffic, Poisoning, Problem Solving, Publications, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications), Road Construction, Safety Education, Signs, Traffic Accidents, Traffic Control, Traffic Safety, Vehicular Traffic
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Watergate 600, Suite 300, Washington, D.C. 20037 (Free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Insurance Inst. for Highway Safety, Washington, DC.