ERIC Number: ED160715
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Racial Composition and Public School Desegregation on Changes in Non-Public School Enrollment by White Pupils. Report No. 252.
Becker, Henry Jay
Changes between 1960 and 1970 in the private sector's share of a city's white pupil enrollment are closely associated with changes in the racial demographic makeup of the city. Even when holding constant such factors as the age of a city's housing stock and the ethnic composition of its white population, the private share of white enrollment in the cities outside of the South increased in cities with large black populations. The proportion of private white enrollment also increased in cities where the number of black school children grew rapidly but the number of white school children declined or remained steady. Differences in the amount of school desegregation that occurred, however, were not related to private school enrollment trends, except for high school students in Southern cities. Additional variations in private school enrollment trends can be explained by social and political factors, but these factors do not account for the means by which the demographic changes that were occurring were translated into parent enrollment decisions. It may be that policies intended to financially support private schools greatly influence the rise in private enrollments in cities with large and growing black populations and declining white populations. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.